The objective of the AAESCC project is to reduce climate-related yield losses for the farmers taking part and to incorporate the results of the measures into the agricultural sector policy on adapting land-use systems to climate change. The project will implement activities on three levels.
¬ At the local level, it will advise smallholder farm households in selected communities whose livelihood is threatened by climate change to adopt climate change adaptation farming measures.
¬ At the regional level, agricultural consultants and extension staff will receive training to enhance their competence as extension service providers of climate change adaptation measures.
¬ At the national level, policy and decision-makers will be supported in the preparation of policy and strategy documents to influence sector policy and programming.
In connection with this the project will deliver three outputs:
¬ Strategy development in cooperation with farming communities with the aim of making their farming systems more adaptable to climate change
¬ Training for local service providers through training programmes and support for existing networks and learning platforms
¬ Support for national decision makers in developing policies and strategies at government level.
It is expected that when the various target groups utilize these outputs, the desired changes would be realized. Five indicators will be used to measure the success of the project. These are:
Indicator 1: 600 agricultural enterprises in the two pilot regions (of which 120 concentrate on field crops that are primarily cultivated by women) have been advised in climate change, vulnerability of land-use systems and adaptation. 80% of them are satisfied with the quality of advisory services.
Source: Representative survey 2017
Indicator 2: In 2017, 200 agricultural enterprises practise methods of soil and water conservation that they themselves have identified within the scope of the project and adapted to the specific conditions; they also improve their seed supply.
Source: Survey carried out by the project, baseline 0 in 2012
Indicator 3: In 2017, 100 agricultural enterprises in the areas of intervention have applied adaptation measures that had been identified with the project and, despite greater climate variability, have managed to maintain or raise their yield in comparison with those of the non-participating agricultural enterprises.
Source: Baseline survey at the start of the pilot measures in all the village communities identified; annual surveys of crop yield data, also in all the village communities involved from the very start, in order to also obtain comparative group data [gender-specific.
Indicator 4: As of 2016, the providers of agricultural extension services for climate adaptation can make use of a knowledge database and a network for climate adaptation measures; the database contains also information about the economic feasibility of the measures
Source: MoFA website, baseline 2012
Indicator 5: As of 2016, based on the lessons learned from the pilot measures, climate change adaptation in agriculture is integrated in the reworking of FASDEP II and in the design of measures in the related investment plan (METASIP)
Source: relevant strategy papers; baseline: no sector-specific climate adaptation strategy available, aspects of climate adaptation not taken into account in the agricultural development strategy (FASDEP II) and in the related investment plan, METASIP.
Together with the selected farm households, the project will develop agricultural practices and adaptation strategies aimed at achieving optimised use of soil, water and seed. To do this, the project will apply soil and water management measures in order to utilise the changing level of precipitation resulting from climate change more efficiently. Furthermore, village seed systems will be improved, for example by selecting adaptive populations of different crops, and improving seed treatment and storage. Agricultural extension service providers will be trained in climate change adaptation practices and strategies developed in the project. Staff members of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture will receive support in preparing a sector strategy for adapting to climate change and other policy documents. Experience gained at the local level can thus be fed into the policy and programme development process. The project is closely integrated into the Market Oriented Agriculture Programme (MOAP) of MoFA-GIZ, which aims to promote market-oriented agriculture, thus guaranteeing that the results and experiences gained can be absorbed and utilised over the long term.
The duration of the project is 5 ½ years (July 2012 – December 2017). The financing is carried out as part of German Technical Development Cooperation with funding from the Energy and Climate Fund for measures for adapting to climate change. A total of EUR 3 million will be made available and implementation will be handled by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). Major partner organisation for the implementation is the Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MoFA) with its Regional and District structures. In addition local consultants, NGOs and farmer associations with experience in the field can be contracted for specific tasks during implementation. The field activities of the project are to be implemented with selected farm households in a few districts in the Northern and Brong Ahafo regions. The project intends to cover 600 farm households over the five-year period, 300 in each Region, with 120 of them mainly managed by women. The average total landholding should not exceed two hectares.