The major sources of seed in Ghana are from imports and domestic production. The actors are importers, producers, and distributors. Importers bring in exotic vegetable seeds mostly from Europe and America ( plus Asia) which are sold through wholesalers and agro-input dealers.
Seeds of various crops (legumes, cereals, root and tuber, and fibre crops) are produced and distributed locally as follows:
~ Breeder’s seeds are produced by the Crops Research Institute (CRI) mostly for the southern half of Ghana, and the Savanna Agricultural Research Institute (SARI) for the northern zone. Some local universities have initiated the production of breeder’s seed as well.
~ Foundation seeds are produced from the breeder’s seeds by entities such as Ghana Grains and Legumes Development Board (GGLDB), and since 1999 by the Savanna Agricultural Research Institute particularly for the Northern sector
~ Certified seeds are produced from foundation seeds by approximately 200 private seed producers either as individual growers or members of the Seed Cooperatives/Associations and the National Seed Trade Association (NASTAG).
Once produced and market ready, the seeds are sold to an estimated 3402 registered agro-input dealers for resale to other sub-dealers or directly to farmers.
Certified Seed Production
The most common certified seeds produced are: maize varieties ( obatampa, mamaba, okomasa, dorke, and dodzi); cowpea varieties (asontem, asetenapa, adom, valenga, and black eye), soybean varieties ( anidaso, asetenapa, jenguma, salintuya, and bengpla); sorghum (kapala), and rice (GR 18, ITA 320, Faro 15, Tox 3109, and Tox 3107).
News Source: Agricinghana Media | Editor@agricinghana.com
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