What do you know about Ghana’s Agro-ecological Zones?

Map Credit: ResearchGate

The agricultural sector in Ghana contributes about 38 % of the GDP, employs 45% of the active population (about 60% of the rural labour force), accounts for about 75% of the export earnings, and contributes to meeting more than 90% of the food needs. On the basis of present projections and the priorities set in the
country’s strategy for growth and poverty reduction (GPRS II), the agricultural sector will continue to be the key driver for growth in the near future.

There are significant differences in the regional distribution of Agriculture GDP (AGDP) across Ghana’s agro-ecological zones. The forest zones account for 43% of AGDP, compared to about 10% in the coastal savannah zone, and between 20.5%-26.5% in the inner savannah zones.

The northern savannah zones are the main producers of cereals, accounting for more than 70% of the country’s sorghum, millet, cowpeas, groundnuts, beef and soybean.

On the other hand, the forest zones supplies a large share of high-value products such as cocoa, timber, etc.

You may request for Ghana’s Cropping Calendar to get further insights. You may also be interested in the Ghana Agri-input dealer spatial dataset available on request.

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