LET’S KEEP TRACK OF POLICY IMPLEMENTATION- 3
The Government of Ghana has introduced variety of measures to improve agricultural productivity in Ghana. Notable amongst these is the redefining of the outdated Food & Agricultural Development Policy (FASDEP I) in FASDEP II to address the loopholes and inefficiencies in the former.
In each subsequent update of this blog, we will look at each policy document and delve on some of the issues and strategies for achieving them.
POLICY 3: GREATER COMPETITIVENESS AND BETTER INTEGRATION INTO MARKETS
Ghana has pursued growth strategy based on demand for exports since the mid-1990s. There are new opportunities in the international market, and Ghana must be able to compete. There is also potential for expanding local and regional markets as the economy grows. The aim is to harness Ghana’s agro-ecological advantage and translate it into a competitive advantage-by producing the needed volumes and quality of products on a timely basis. Assisting semi-commercial and commercial smallholders will help them produce for the international and expanding domestic markets, including the agro-processing industry.
The Government will work with the private sector to encourage investments and help operators learn how to compete in the global market. Commodities that have competitive advantages in target markets will be selected. Where appropriate, providing services and infrastructure to the commercial sector will rely on cost-sharing and cost-recovery. The strategies described earlier by increasing incomes-improving productivity and marketability-also apply here.
ISSUES IN DEVELOPMENT OF DOMESTIC MARKETS
- Poor conditions of roads to reach production centres and inadequate market information, leading to weak connections between local, district, and regional markets.
- Poor standardization and differentiation between products in domestic markets (weights and measures, grades, and standards)
- Uncongential environment for trading in local markets
- Limited extension services in marketing for products, traders and exporters.
STRATEGIES TO DEVELOP DOMESTIC MARKETS
- Encourage partnership between private sector and district sector and district assemblies to boost trade in local and regional markets with better infrastructure and sanitary conditions and to use good agricultural practices (GAPs)
- Establish commodity brokerage services for marketing agriculture produce
- Build capacity within MoFA to provide extension services for marketing.